The SAIMM is a professional institute with local and international links aimed at assisting members source information about technological developments in the mining, metallurgical and related sectors.
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  • Joburgtv Interview at the Women in Mining Breakfast

    Joburgtv for captured some of the highlights of the Women in Mining Breakfast which was hosted by Women in Mining South Africa and SAIMM at WorleyParsonsTWP on 13 February 2018. View the video to see what Prof Selo Ndlovu, Petro Du Pisani, Zelmia Botha, Anniekie Mpherwane, Tshepiso Ndlovu, Refentse Fensi Molehe and Marinda Hawthorn had to say about the event.

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  • Writing NI 43-101 Technical Reports for the TSX

    It has come to our attention that Members of the SAIMM and both Members and Fellows of the GSSA are not on the current list of Acceptable Foreign Associations and Membership Designations in Appendix A of Companion Policy 43-101CP which is part of NI 43-101.

    This means that no Member of SAIMM and no Member/Fellow of GSSA can use their SAIMM/GSSA registration to compile NI 43-101 documents for the Toronto Stock Exchange.  This does not affect any geoscientist who is registered with SACNASP.  Neither does it affect engineers registered with ECSA or who are Fellows of SAIMM.  This will, primarily, affect GSSA members living/working outside of South Africa, who are not registered with SACNASP.

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  • GMSG Corporate Member Report January 2018

    future mining 2018The Global Mining Standards and Guidelines Group (GMSG) January 2018 Corporate Member Report has been published. It contains an overview of projects which are defining the future of mining and helping to create solutions to industry challenges. This year’s Corporate Member Report features important GMSG news, highlights and an overview of GMSG’s guideline work, and outlines GMSG’s new 2018 strategy. The report is available here.

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From the President's Corner

  • A new year, new reflections

    The start of a new year is always worth celebrating. We celebrate the achievements of the previous year. We also celebrate making it through the previous year’s challenges and, with optimism, look forward to twelve more fruitful months ahead. However, the fact that a year of our life has just passed by also usually leads to introspection. We question our

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  • A Christmas gift for the Institute

    It is the end of the year and Christmas is in sight. We have all had a busy year and thus look forward to a restful break, which we will fill with new memories with our families and friends. Above all, we all look forward to receiving that well-chosen wonderful gift from loved ones. A gift is always treasured. It

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  • Women in the mining and minerals industry

    Summer is finally here and Christmas is around the corner. I do hope that you are all enjoying the warm weather that is prevalent in Southern Africa at this time of the year and, at the same time, have started shopping for those elusive but perfect Christmas gifts for friends and families. Since taking over the reins as the President

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From the Journal Comments

  • The SAIMM Journal

    The SAIMM organizes a number of conferences every year to promote technological developments in the mining- and metallurgy-related sectors. Selected papers from each of these conferences are published in the SAIMM Journal throughout the year. The SAIMM Journal is not only one of the top journals but also one of the most popular journals in the field of mining and

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  • The SAMREC/SAMVAL Companion Volume Conference

    This edition of the Journal features papers that were presented at the SAMREC/SAMVAL Companion Volume Conference held on 17 and 18 May 2016 and attended by some 100 people. The intention of the conference was to provide Competent Persons and Competent Valuators with the opportunity to prepare and present details of recognized standards and industry benchmarks in all aspects of

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Market News

  • Anglo American’s renewed partnership with Vuka Marine is a boon for South Africa’s maritime industry

    Thursday, 08 March 2018 - Anglo American renewed its various ocean freight contracts with Vuka Marine, a joint venture between Via Maritime Holdings of South Africa and Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd (“K” Line) of Japan. Under these freight contracts, Anglo American transports bulk iron ore and coal products to its customers around the world. Vuka Marine operates two capesize bulkers—the Cape Enterprise

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  • PRESS RELEASE: Excavators ready to boost economy

      Rhett O’Neill of ELB Equipment      A large shipment of Sumitomo excavators has arrived in South Africa in anticipation of future growth of the economy ELB Equipment is aggressively gearing its excavator offering to meet an anticipated demand upsurge as the economy turns upwards. “Excavators are at the heart of any construction or mining operation and their availability is

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Award Papers

Gold Medals
Gold medals are awarded for papers that are of a world-class standard, and judged to be publications that will become key references in their mining or metallurgical field in the future.

Silver Medals
Silver medals are awarded for papers that make a major contribution to the professions of mining and metallurgy and to the prestige of the Institute.

These Awards are presented at the Annual General Meeting.

Medal Name of Paper Author
Gold Medal 2015/2016 An economic risk evaluation approach for pit slope optimization
LF Contreras
Gold Medal 2015/2016 Sonic injection into a PGM Peirce-Smith converter: CFD modelling and industrial trials
DK Chibwe, G Akdogan, GA Bezuidenhout, JPT Kapusta,
S Bradshaw, JJ Eksteen
Gold Medal 2015/2016 Modelling of fluid flow phenomena in Peirce-Smith copper converters and analysis of combined blowing concept
DK Chibwe, G Akdogan, P Taskinen, JJ Eksteen
Silver Medal 2015/2016 Stochastic simulation for budget prediction for large surface mines in the South African mining industry
J. Hager, VSS Yadavalli, R Webber-Youngman
Silver Medal 2015/2016 Determination of mineral matter and elemental composition of individual macerals in coals from Highveld mines
RH Matjie, Z Li, CR Ward, JR Bunt, CA Strydom
Silver Medal 2015/2016 Interaction of dust with the DC plasma arc - a computational modelling investigation QG Reynolds
Silver Medal 2015/2016 Chemical wear analysis of a tap-hole on a SiMn production furnace JD Steenkamp, PC Pistorius, M Tangstad
Silver Medal 2015/2016 Insights into the potential for reduced refractory wear in silicomanganese smelters JD Steenkamp, PC Pistorius, J Muller
Silver Medal 2014/2015 Evaluation of the spatial variation of bvalue J Wesseloo
Silver Medal 2014/2015 Extending empirical evidence through numerical modelling in rock engineering design GS Esterhuizen
Silver Medal 2014/2015 Evaluation of different adsorbents for copper removal from cobalt electrolyte V Yahorava, M Kotze, D Auerswald
Gold Medal 2013/2014 Metal accounting and corporate governance PG Gaylard, NG Randolph, CMG Wortley
Gold Medal 2013/2014 Metal accounting in the platinum industry: How effective is it? PG Gaylard, NG Randolph, CMG Wortley
Silver Medal 2013/2014 Pre-mining stress model for subsurface excavations in southern Africa MF Handley
Silver Medal 2013/2014 The allocation of gold production from multiple shafts feeding a common treatment plant using run-of-mine sampling of ore deliveries HE Bartlett, L Korff, RCA Minnitt
Silver Medal 2012/2013 Simulation of time-dependent crush pillar behaviour in tabular platinum mines JAL Napier,DF Malan
Silver Medal 2012/2013 The dual-electrode DC arc furnace - modelling brush arc conditions QG Reynolds
Gold Medal 2011/2012 A risk evaluation model for support design in Bushveld Complex underground mines: Part I
WC Joughin, A Jager, E Nezomba, L Rwodzi
Gold Medal 2011/2012 A risk evaluation model for support design in Bushveld Complex underground mines:Part II WC Joughin, A Jager, E Nezomba, L Rwodzi
Silver Medal 2011/2012 Numerical computation of average pillar stress and implications for pillar design JAL Napier, DF Malan
Silver Medal 2010/2011 A comparison of limit equilibrium and numerical modelling approaches to risk analysis for open pit mining HT Chiwaye, TR Stacey
Silver Medal 2010/2011 Design of Merensky Reef crush pillars BP Watson, JS Kuijpers, TR Stacey
Gold Medal 2009/2010 A heat transfer model for high titania slag blocks H Kotz
Silver Medal 2009/2010 A Mintek perspective of the past 25 years in minerals bioleaching M Gericke, JW Neale, PJ van Staden



Guidelines for a Literature Review in a Scientific or Technical Paper

Every scientific or technical paper should contain a literature review, since a literature review makes a positive contribution to the solution of the problem. As part of the paper, written to communicate the solution of the problem, a literature review provides the researchers with guidelines for the research, while at the same time it lends credibility to the work done.

There are at least twelve good reasons - and probably many more - why a literature review should appear in a scientific or technical paper:

  1. To communicate what has been done and what has not been done in the field of interest;
  2. If the work has been done, how it was done, and the validity of the outcomes of the work;
  3. If the work has never been done, the reasons why it has never been done (e.g. impossible, lack of funding, undeveloped technologies, etc.);
  4. The literature review expands and hones the researcher’s knowledge and understanding of the field in which the research is to be done;
  5. The literature review can be used to plan the research, focus it, and determine which research methods will be viable, and which unviable;
  6. Writing up the literature survey gives the researcher an opportunity to organise his/her thoughts about the research, and including it in the final paper helps the reader to understand why the research was undertaken;
  7. The literature review can be used to convey to the reader exactly what is to be undertaken in the project, with its findings providing the appropriate justifications and framework for the planned research;
  8. A good literature review will add authoritative backing to the research;
  9. Without guidelines provided by the literature review, researchers may drift toward preconceived conclusions;
  10. A literature review will help to dispel preconceived ideas and perceptions, widely held opinions, or myths;
  11. A literature review will often provide case studies that can be used to either guide or support findings;
  12. The literature survey indicates to the reader that the author or authors are well informed on the research topic, which will lend credence to their research and conclusions.

Every literature review should contain some or all of the following, not necessarily in the order given here:

  1. Problem identification;
  2. Broad description of papers or work that has been done on this or similar problems. This is an introductory “survey of the scene as a whole”, to help the reader understand exactly what the author or authors are aiming to do, and it should only be written once the literature review is almost complete;
  3. Specific references to relevant papers and comment on their contents that proved to be of assistance to the research;
  4. Collation of all ideas expressed by the authors of the selected papers considered to be relevant to the problem;
  5. Selection of idea/methodology that shows the greatest potential to help resolve the problem;
  6. If a method exists, then the framework for solving the problem at hand is automatically outlined, and should be set out in some detail in the literature review with appropriate references to the research work in which the methodology had been previously employed;
  7. If no method exists, then select, giving reasons, one or more methodologies that may be applicable to the problem, and then use these to develop a framework for the proposed project;
  8. Conclude with a brief description of the project design and methodology derived from the literature review.

Although not the purpose of a literature review, it can be critical of work that has already been done and communicated, and it can be used to identify and discuss areas of controversy. In summary, the ultimate goal of a literature review is to identify areas that need further research.


Licence statement

The work contained in this Journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License.

Review Process

Information being updated