The SAIMM publishes technical and associated legal and economic information on all aspects of the mining and metallurgical industry in the following publications:
1.1 The Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy(The Journal)
The Journal contains papers that
• make new contributions to basic or applied knowledge by scientific research and development
• provide new contributions to technology that are of economic importance
• are selected by the Publications Committee from sources that include conference and seminar
presentations of the Institute
• update and review current research work, processes and equipment
• present original material that has not been published elsewhere
• are refereed in line with internationally accepted standards
The Journal is accredited by Web of Science/ISI and satisfies the criteria for recognised research output as
laid down by the Department of Higher Education and Training within the South African Ministry of
Members of the Institute who are authors or co-authors of papers that are printed in the Journal will be
eligible for the Institute's gold or silver medal award and certificate ofmerit.
1.2 Monograph Series
These are high-quality books which provide detailed discussions on specialized topics. They are usually
compiled by authors and editors at the invitation of the Institute.
1.3 Symposium Series
These consist of the proceedings of international conferences and congresses that are presented or
supported by the SAIMM.
1.4 Conference Proceedings
These consist of papers from SAIMM activities that are published and distributed to delegates who attend
the event. The Proceedings are made available for sale after the event.
1.5 Special Publications Series
These cover books, brochures and printed items that do not form part of the monograph or symposium
2. GENERAL STANDARDS FOR PUBLICATION IN THE JOURNAL
To merit consideration for publication, the paper should conform to the high standards that have been
established over many years. The paper should contain material on research and scientific items that is
new, with interpretations that are novel or of new significance and conclusions that cast a fresh light on
old ideas. The paper could incorporate developments that would be of interest to technical people and be
of economic benefit to the industry. The paper should not be a repetition of well-known practices or
concepts although well prepared and original review papers will be considered for publication.
All papers, no matter how technical the subject, should be written with the average professional reader in
mind. There should be sufficient background to enable the implications of the work to be readily
understood. The amount of text book material should therefore be kept to the minimum essential to the
argument. The length of a paper is not the criterion of its worth and all submissions should be as brief and
concise as possible. Although reference to the name of new products, processes and services is not
restricted, it is not the SAIMM's policy to allow editorial matter to be used for blatant advertising purposes
Copyright and first publication rights for all contributions to be published by the SAIMM or presented at
SAIMM meetings are strictly reserved by the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
Reproduction of material is permitted and indeed encouraged provided there is full acknowledgement of
4. PREPARATION AND SUBMISSION OF CONTRIBUTIONS
Authors should submit their papers in printed or electronic (e-mail) format or on CD.Papers must be
prepared in MSWord.Please note that diagrams cannot be accessed electronically unless a programme
that is compatible with the Apple Macintosh system is used. Diagrams should be saved inTIFF, EPS or JPEG
file format or downloaded on the SAIMM website. Assistance in this regard can be provided by the Journal
co-ordinator, Ms Kelly Matthee.
Papers submitted through the post should be sent to:The Journal co-ordinator. The SAIMM,PO Box 61127,
Marshalltown, 2107, South Africa. Attention of Ms K. Matthee.
Or e-mailed to: email@example.com
5. LAYOUT AND STYLE
5.1 The manuscript must be typed double-spaced, on one side only on whitebond paper A4 (210 x 297mm)
size paper leaving left-hand and right-hand margins of 30mm. Pages must be numbered.
5.2 Develop arguments where an argument leads from one stage to another and finally to a conclusion.
Each paragraph should address a topic and contain an idea where each sentence in the paragraph
logically develops that idea.Be objective. Do not include irrelevant or extraneous matter.Sentences
should be punctuated correctly which makes for easy reading.
5.3 Use the present tense to describe actions, conditions, and findings with ongoing applicability in the
present. Use the past tense to describe actions, conditions, and results that occurred at a specific time
in the past.
5.4 Quotation marks should be the 'single' type for quotations and "double" for quoted matter within
5.5 Italics can be used to emphasise a word or phrase.
5.6 Headings should be kept to a maximum of three levels.
5.7 All illustrations and tables should appear on separate sheets at the end ofthe text. However, as a
guide to the printer, authors should indicate by means of notes in the typescript where tables and
illustrations are to appear in the text. Illustrations should be clearly identified in the text and should be
referred to as Figure 1 and not Fig. 1. A few well-selected illustrations can speak a thousand words.
5.8 Equation numbers should be placed in square brackets on the right-hand side of the page, thus .
5.9 Abbreviations and symbols are laid down in British Standard 1991. Where acronyms (e.g. UNO) are
used for the first time the full words must be given with the abbreviation in brackets thereafter.
Abbreviations are the same for the singular and plural, e.g. cm for centimetre and centimetres, kg for
kilogram and kilograms. Percentages can be written in the text as %. A full stop after an abbreviation
is only used when the last letter of the abbreviation is not the last letter of the word.
5.10 Units should be in metric terms and should conform to SI conventions.
5.11 Authors are urged to have a colleague check their paper for clarity of presentation and typographical
5.12 The use of capitals for captions, headings or references must be avoided, because that means
resetting. The typesetter can change lower case to upper case with the push of a button, but upper
case letters need to be reset in order to get lower case letters.
The Journal has adopted the Harvard convention for referencing (also called author-date or parenthetical
citation) and the purpose of references is to
• acknowledge the contribution of previous workers to the current study
• provide provenance of information which lends authority to the work
• guide the reader to additional sources for further information on the topic
6.1 Citations in the text
• Single author: author's name (without initials, unless there is more than one author with the same
name) and the year of publication
• Two authors: all authors' names and the year of publication. More than two authors: first author's name
followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication
• For more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year, use 'a', 'b', 'c', etc. after the year
• Citations may be made directly or in parentheses. Groups of references should be listed first
alphabetically, then chronologically.
• Examples: 'as demonstrated (Jones, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Jones and Kramer, 1999). Kramer et al. (2010)
have shown ....'
• For the second and further citation of a reference, the year may be omitted (except where this would
lead to ambiguity).
6.2 List of references
References should be arranged alphabetically by first author, citing all authors (not ... et al.) and then
further sorted in ascending order of year if necessary. For multiple authors with the same first author,
arrange alphabetically by second author.
6.2.1 Article in a journal
BEZUIDENHOUT, G.A., EKSTEEN, J.J., AND BRADSHAW, S.M. 2009. Computational fluid dynamic modeling of
an electric arc furnace used in the smelting of PGM containing concentrates. Minerals Engineering, vol. 22,
no. 11. pp. 995–1006.
It may be preferable not to abbreviate journal titles – not all authors can access the standards, and there
may be problems with non-English journals.
6.2.2 Paper published in a conference proceedings
NELL, J. Melting of platinum group metals concentrates in South Africa. Proceedings of the VII International
Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts, Cape Town, South Africa, 25–28 January 2004. The
Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Johannesburg. pp. 165–170.
URQUHART, R.C., RENNIE, M.S., and RABEY, C.C. 1976. The smelting of copper-nickel concentrates in an
electric furnace. Proceedings of Extractive Metallurgy of Copper: Vol. 1. Pyrometallurgy and Electrolytic
Refining.Yannopoulos, J.C. and Agarwal, J.C. (eds). Warrendale, Pennsylvania, The Metallurgical Society of
AIME. pp. 275–295.
The date may be repeated if it forms part of the Proceedings title or subtitle.
If Proceedings were edited, give editor(s) name(s) and initials as for a chapter in a book.
If Proceedings were not published, omit publisher, place of publication, page numbers.
States in the USA may be abbreviated either the traditional way e.g. Mass. for Massachussetts or the two
letter postal code MA.
WILLS, B.A. AND NAPIER-MUNN, T. 2006.Wills' Mineral Processing Technology: An Introduction to the
Practical Aspects of Ore Treatment and Mineral Recovery. 7th edn. Amsterdam, Elsevier/Butterworth
6.2.4 Chapter in an edited book
MILLS, K.C. 1986. Estimation of physicochemical properties of coal slags. Mineral Matter and Ash in Coal.
Vorres, K.S. (ed.). ACS Symposium Series 301. American Chemical Society. Washington DC. pp. 195–214.
TARRANT, G. 2001. Assessment of support requirements associated longwall reorientation. Report no. MET
2431. Strata Control Technology, Wollongong, NSW, Australia. 30 pp.
SERBOUSEK, M. O. and SIGNER, S. P. 1987. Linear load-transfer mechanics of fully grouted roof bolts.
Report of Investigations 9135.US Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA.
If no authors are identified, the organization issuing the report is regarded as the author.
FORSBACKA, L. 2007. Experimental study and modelling of viscosity of chromium containing slags. PhD
thesis, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland.
ARVIDSON, B. and ZHU, D. 2007. OutotecOyj. Methods of separating feed materials using a magnetic roll
separator. US Pat. 7296687.
State name of inventorfollowed by assignee if different from author.The issuing country may be
abbreviated according to the list of country codes in Chemical Abstracts.
6.2.8 Newspaper report
PAUL, S. 2012. Rio Tinto's Australian trains go driverless. Star Business Report. 21 Feb. p. 22. If no author
is given, use the publication's name as 'source'.
6.2.9 Acts of parliament and other government documents
SOUTH AFRICA.Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalty Act of 2008, GG vol. 351, no. 31636, 24 Nov. 200,
as amended. Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalty (Administration) Act 29 of 2008, GG vol. 521, no31624, 26 Nov.2008, as amended. These can be complicated –see Van Der Walt (2006) for details.
6.2.10 Online references
As for the various types of publication above, with the URL and date of access appended e.g.ANGLIA
RUSKIN UNIVERSITY. 2011. Guide to the Harvard style of referencing.
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm [accessed 23 Feb. 2012].
URLs should be cited in full, including the protocol (http, https, ftp, etc.). Ideally the address should be on a
single line –break at a forward slash if necessary. No stop or other punctuation to follow URL. Date of
access is important; URLs have a kind of 'half-life'. If the DOI is available it can be cited before the URL,
thus: DOI: 10.1038/nature10749.
6.2.11 Unpublished results and personal communications
Follow the standard reference style, with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication' in place
of the publication details. Citation of a reference as 'In press' implies that the item has been accepted for
It is important to give the 'author's' affiliation to enable readers to follow up on the information if
necessary, but permission should be sought. For example:
WEBBER-YOUNGMAN, R.C.W. 2011. School of Mining, University of Pretoria. Personal communication.
7. ILLUSTRATIONS, TABLES AND PHOTOGRAPHS
All illustrations (this includes line diagrams, maps, charts and graphs) should be of good quality,whether in
black and white or colour. All the lettering and lines should be of consistent density. Please insure that
diagrams are 100 per cent square on the paper. All illustrations, tables and photographs must appear on
separate pages. Authors are advised to consult a draughts person or another experienced colleague on
the quality required and to use such help when preparing the illustrations. Where printouts are essential,
the material should be black and of equal density, and the paper must be white.A laser printer should be
The numbering of figures should be in Arabic numerals, e.g. Figure 1 and Figure 2. Each figure must have a
short title. Illustrations should be clearly identified in the text on the actual page where the figure appears
and should be clearly marked with the surname of the senior author and the number of the figure. The
style of the illustration for a particular paper should be uniform i.e. typeface of wording, line widths, etc.
The use of a san-serif typeface like Helvetica is preferable. The illustrations should be as simple as possible
and should contain only essential wording such as the indication of nature and units on the axes of
graphs. Please keep in mind that your illustration will be reduced to fit in the most appropriate of the
following section column widths of 65, 103, 135 and 175mm. Lettering should therefore be big enough on
the original to still be legible on the reduced final product.
The numbering of tables must be with Roman numerals, e.g. Table I, Table II, etc. Tables should be set out
clearly and each table should have a short title (heading).
High resolution colour photographs are acceptable and should be saved as TIFF, EPS or JPEG files.
8. REVISION PROCEDURE
The initial manuscript will be reviewed by a minimum of two referees who will recommend acceptance,
provisional acceptance with revision, or rejection. Where appropriate, the referee's comments and
suggestions will be sent to the principal author so that the paper can be revised. After revision, papers
must be returned to the Journal coordinator to ensure that all recommended changes have been carried
out to the satisfaction of thereferees and the Publications Committee.
9. FINAL MANUSCRIPT
One copy of the revised and final manuscript should be submitted, in double line spacing. Illustrations
should not be folded, pinned or stapled together.
10. CORRECTION OF PROOFS
The paper will be returned to the author(s) in proof form for final checking and authors are urged to
ensure that the final version conforms to their requirements. It must be emphasised that proofs are
supplied to correct errors made by the typesetter and not in order to provide the author the opportunity to
rewrite or update the material. The revised and final paper must be returned to the Journal coordinator
together with the signed copyright forms and author's approval.
Update Date: March 2013